What it does: The distemper vaccination covers the prevention of four diseases: distemper, adenovirus Type 2, parvovirus and parainfluenza.
Jamy Morton of highly rated Gahanna Animal Hospital in Gahanna, Ohio, says the worst of the four is parvovirus. “Parvo is a very bad virus that lasts in the environment for up to two years,” she says. “It causes vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy. It attacks the immune system, and that is going to cause them to become extremely ill.”
Aluise says in cases where they catch parvo early enough to prevent death, they treat it with intensive hospitalization.
Who needs it?: All dogs.
How often?: The first time your pup gets the distemper vaccine, they need a series of three shots about two to three weeks apart, says Santiago Jinenez, a veterinary technician at highly rated Norbeck Animal Clinic in Silver Spring, Maryland. After a year, they can receive another one-year vaccine. Following the second one, your vet will administer this vaccine every three years.
Cost: About $20 to $45.